But without the United States, the balance between the parties that signed the Paris Agreement is turning in China`s favor on key issues that have not yet been clarified. In particular, China could resist calls for detailed monitoring and reporting on how countries are implementing their policies and achieving their goals, said Michael Oppenheimer, a climate policy researcher at Princeton University in New Jersey. „This does not bode well for the effectiveness of the Paris Agreement,” he said. In recent weeks, there has been a flood of ambitious climate commitments from Europe and Asia. The European Parliament voted last month to cut emissions by 60% by 2030, with the aim of achieving climate neutrality by 2050. This measure is currently being examined by the Council of Ministers of the European Union. China has pledged to become climate neutral by 2060. This promise was followed by those of South Korea and Japan, both of which promised to set net emissions at zero by 2050. A Washington Post/ABC News opinion poll of American adults conducted June 2-4, 2017 found that 59 percent opposed Trump`s decision to withdraw the U.S. from the Paris Agreement, and only 28 percent supported it. Asked about the impact of the withdrawal on the U.S.
economy, 42 percent said it would hurt the economy; 32% believed it would help the economy; and 20% thought it wouldn`t make a difference.   The poll showed a clear division between party lines: 67 percent of Republicans supported Trump`s decision, but only 22 percent of independents and 8 percent of Democrats supported it.  After Trump`s announcement, the governors of several U.S. states formed the U.S. Climate Alliance to advance the goals of the Paris Agreement despite federal withdrawal at the federal level. As of July 1, 2019, 24 states, American Samoa and Puerto Rico have joined the alliance, and similar commitments have also been expressed by other governors, mayors, and state companies.  Parties to the Paris Agreement agreed to update their 2030 targets in line with the latest evidence on the remaining global carbon budget. A special report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to limit warming to 1.5°C, completed in 2018, made it clear that the climate goals that countries believe they can achieve are not enough to halt global warming (see „Climate Commitments”). Following the president`s announcement in 2017, a number of states and companies pledged to further reduce carbon emissions and try to offset the federal government`s decision to withdraw from the U.S. commitment under Paris. The German auto industry has expressed concern about its ability to remain competitive in the face of the U.S.
decision to pull out. Matthias Wissmann, chairman of the German automotive industry lobby group VDA, said: „The regrettable announcement by the US makes it inevitable that Europe must enable a profitable and economically viable climate policy in order to remain internationally competitive.”  Although the agreement was signed in December 2015, it did not enter into force until November 4, 2016, 30 days after at least 55 countries, representing 55% of global emissions, ratified it. Now, Fuller says, the project has been put on hold in anticipation of contributions from other countries. He says that if the U.S. stays out of the Paris Agreement, it could have disastrous consequences for deep-rooted and poor countries. On the commercial front, shareholders in large fossil fuel-based industries are under increasing pressure to address the climate challenge. Several environmental groups, such as the Sierra Club and the Natural Resources Defense Council, have condemned Trump`s decision.   American environmentalist and writer Bill McKibben, who founded the climate change action group 350.org, called the decision „a stupid and reckless decision — the stupidest act of our nation since the start of the Iraq war.” McKibben wrote that Trump`s decision to step down „amounted to a complete rejection of two of our planet`s civilizational forces: diplomacy and science.” He turned to U.S. states and cities to „double” their renewable energy commitments.  Under the terms of the agreement, the United States would have to wait only one month after submitting its intention to rejoin the agreement before it could formally accede to it, although it would lose some of the privileges due to the short time that the country withdrew from the agreement; For example, they would not be able to attend important meetings until they are members.  „We have actually worked very hard to ensure that all countries in the world can join this new agreement.
And by losing one, we feel like we`ve fundamentally failed. Piers Forster, director of the Priestley International Centre for Climate at the University of Leeds, called the withdrawal decision „a sad day for evidence-based policy” and expressed hope that Americans, businesses and states would still opt for decarbonisation. Luke Kemp of the Fenner School of Environment and Society at the Australian National University wrote in a commentary for Nature that „withdrawal is unlikely to change U.S. emissions” because „U.S. greenhouse gas emissions are separate from international legal obligations.” However, he added that it could hamper efforts to mitigate climate change if the United States stops contributing to the Green Climate Fund. Kemp said the effect of a U.S. withdrawal could be good or bad for the Paris Agreement, because „a U.S. scoundrel can do more damage inside than outside the agreement.” Finally, „a withdrawal could also turn the US into a climate front and provide a unique opportunity for China and the EU to take control of the climate regime and significantly boost its international reputation and soft power.”  On the other hand, there is a belief that China is unable to take control of the climate regime and should instead „help rebuild joint global leadership by replacing the China-US G2 partnership with a Climate 5 (C5) partnership comprising China, the EU, India, Brazil and South Africa.”  President Trump announced his intention to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement – the global agreement that implements the goals of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Under the agreement, the United States had already submitted a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in which we committed to reducing the country`s greenhouse gas emissions by 26-28% below 2005 levels by 2025.
In his announcement, Trump said that „as of today, the United States will stop implementing the Paris Agreement,” including the NDC and contributions to the Green Climate Fund. China`s official Xinhua news agency called the withdrawal a „global setback.”  „There would still be speed thresholds if the global economy moved away from oil, gas and coal – but the general direction of travel is clear. As governments prepare stimulus packages to save their economies from Covid-19, it is important that they invest in the technologies of the future, not in the past. They say states and cities will help reduce U.S. emissions by 19 percent compared to 2025 compared to 2005 — that`s not enough to offset the U.S. commitment under Paris, but it keeps those goals „at hand.” Two business leaders have resigned from Trump`s advisory boards in protest at his decision to step down. Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla, Inc. and spaceX, has resigned from the two presidential advisory boards he had served on. Musk said: „Climate change is real. Leaving Paris is not good for America or the world.   The U.S.
withdrawal from the Paris Agreement also means the end of the United States.